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The Diabetes Food Pyramid

By July 19, 2018 Uncategorized

The Diabetes Food Pyramid

The Diabetes Food Pyramid

The Diabetes food pyramid is a tool to help you create a nutritious Diabetes diet plan to help control your blood sugar levels and reduce your body fat.


Source:National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) http://ndep.nih.gov
For a more personalized meal plan, click MyPyramid to create your individual version of MyPyramid.
Grains, Beans, and Starchy Vegetables

(6 or more servings daily)

• Choose whole-grain foods such as whole-grain bread or crackers,
tortillas, bran cereal, brown rice, or bulgar. They’re nutritious and
high in fiber.
• Choose beans as a good source of fiber.
• Use whole-wheat or other whole-grain flours in cooking and baking.
• Choose breads prepared without fat such as bagels, tortillas, English muffins, and pita bread.
• For snacks, try pretzels or low-fat crackers.
A serving can be:
• 1 slice bread
• 1/2 small bagel, English muffin, or pita bread
• 1/2 hamburger or hot dog bun
• 1 6-inch tortilla
• 4 to 6 crackers
• 1/2 cup cooked cereal, pasta, or bulgur
• 1/3 cup cooked rice
• 3/4 cup dry cereal
• 1/2 cup cooked beans, lentils, peas, or corn
• 1 small potato
• 1 cup winter squash
• 1/2 cup sweet potato or yam

(3-5 servings daily)

• Choose fresh or frozen vegetables without added sauces, fats, or salt.
• Choose more dark green and deep yellow vegetables, such as spinach, broccoli, romaine, carrots, chillies, and pepers.
A serving can be:
• 1 cup raw vegetables
• 1/2 cup cooked vegetables
• 1/2 cup tomato or vegetable juice

(2-4 servings daily)

A serving can be:
• 1 small fresh fruit
• 1/2 cup canned fruit in it’s own unsweetened juice
• 1/4 cup dried fruit
• 1/2 cup fruit juice

(2-3 servings daily)

• Choose low-fat or nonfat milk or yogurt.
• Yogurt has natural sugar in it. It can also have added sugar or
artificial sweeteners. Yogurt with artificial sweeteners has fewer
calories than yogurt with added sugar.
A serving can be:
• 1 cup milk
• 1 cup yogurt
Meat and Other Protein

(2-3 servings daily)

• Choose fish and poultry more often. Remove the skin from chicken and turkey
• Select lean cuts of beef, veal, pork or wild game.
• Trim all visible fat from meat.
• Bake, roast, broil, grill, or boil instead of frying or adding fat.
A serving can be:
• 2 to 3 oz. cooked lean meat, poultry, or fish
• 1/2 to 3/4 cup tuna or cottage cheese
• 2 to 3 oz. cheese
• 1 egg*
• 2 Tbsp. peanut butter*
• 4 oz. tofu*

* equivalent to 1 oz. of meat

Fats, Sweets, and Alcohol
• Eat monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat found in plant and fish.
• Eat less saturated fat. It is found in meat and animal products such as hamburger, cheese, bacon, and butter.
• Saturated fat is usually solid at room temperature. Unsaturated fat is liquid at room temperature.
• Eat less trans fat found in processed foods like pastry and margarine.
A serving can be:
• 1/8 avocado
• 1 Tbsp. cream cheese or salad dressing
• 1 tsp. butter, margarine, oil, or mayonnaise
• 10 peanuts
• 1 slice of bacon.
• Choose sweets less often because they are high in fat and sugar.
• When you do eat sweets, make them part of your healthy diet. Don’t eat them as extras.
A serving can be:
• 1/2 cup ice cream
• 1 small cupcake or muffin
• 2 small cookies

• If you choose to drink alcohol, limit the amount and have it with
a meal. Check with your health professional about a safe amount for you.

A serving can be:
• 12 ounces of beer (regular or light, 150 calories)
• 5 ounces of wine (100 calories)
• 1 ounces of 80-proof whiskey (100 calories)

For more information about the best plan for you, talk with a
registered dietitian (RD). To obtain a referral to an RD in your area,
call The American Dietetic Association/National Center for Nutrition
and Dietetics Hot Line 800-366-1655 or the American Diabetes
Association 800-DIABETES (342-2382).


Author Admin

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